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Delegación del CSIC en Cataluña

Event 

Title:
Cognitive Collaborative Robotics in the Factory of the Future
When:
02.12.2019 12.00 h
Where:
Institut de Robòtica i Informàtica Industrial - Barcelona
Category:
Seminarios

Description

Cognitive Collaborative Robotics in the Factory of the Future

Speaker: José de Gea

Abstract:

In the near future, rigid manufacturing lines will be likely complemented, if not completely replaced, by hybrid teams composed of humans and robots. In this scenario, robots (both stationary as well mobile systems) will need to be collaborative and intelligent. Such hybrid teams will take over a variety of assembly operations on today‘s existing production lines. In such future scenario, robots do not solely execute fully-automatized processes but instead become cooperative partners of the human worker, taking over non-ergonomic assembly operations and using contextual information to support the selection of tools or to adapt their behaviour to ongoing tasks. To achieve the previously-described scenarios, we need to work on several key aspects in order to increase the autonomy level, adaptivity and intelligence of current robotic systems. A prerequisite for having more intelligent robots in factory environments is to immerse them in sensory-rich environments. That is, sensorise the environments and digitalise the information, so that robots can (also) make use of the information about what is going on around them. Furthermore, in order to introduce a new category of collaborative robots to be real collaborative partners to humans, three key aspects need to be further developed:

  • First, safety of the robot needs to be guaranteed at all times.
  • Second, better strategies for dynamic mobility in such dynamic environments are required.
  • Third, more intuitive channels to communicate and understand what the robot is doing are needed.

Once we have developed further the two previous requisites (digitalization and safe, mobile and intuitive robots), we can work towards a longer-term goal: autonomous cognitive robots which make use of contextual information as well as previous experiences to adapt their behaviour to the current situation. At this point, three key aspects are relevant:

  • The use of this additional contextual information and background knowledge to grant robots more flexible robot skills (such as navigation, interaction, perception or manipulation) which allow them to quickly adapt to the ongoing situation or to changing needs.
  • A cognitive robot software architecture that integrates high-level and low-level capabilities (symbolic and numerical information) in a robot-agnostic generic software framework that allows reuse of skills and generation of new (complex behaviors) based on a set of basic pre-defined robot skills.
  • Last but not least, the industrial robots of the future need to be equipped with the ability of learning and adapting new skills (grasping objects not seen before, adaption of robot skills to a new robot‘s morphology, etc…).

Venue

Lugar:
Institut de Robòtica i Informàtica Industrial   -   Website
Street:
c/Llorens i Artigas, 4-6.
ZIP:
08028
City:
Barcelona

Description

Sorry, no description available

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